"Kill every one over ten." - Gen. Jacob H. Smith
Criminals Because They Were Born Ten Years Before We Took the Philippines.
Editorial cartoon from the New York Evening Journal, May 5, 1902.
"Our smugness irritates the world and does not blind it. The White House often fools the country, but seldom fools the world."
Congressman Bailly-Blanchard, Dec. 4, 1914; The United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934; Hans Schmidt; p 204 (Bailly-Blanchard, Arthur (1855-1925) — of Louisiana. Born in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., October 1, 1855. Foreign Service officer; U.S. Minister to Haiti, 1914-21. Catholic. Died August 22, 1925. Burial location unknown.)
Ignoring and then violating human rights did not start with the Iraq War
On December 20, 1900, General Arthur MacArthur declared in an official proclamation that since guerrilla warfare was contrary to "the customs and usages of war," those engaged in it "divest themselves of the character of soldiers, and if captured are not entitled to the privileges of prisoners of war."
Haiti / Philippines / Iraq comparison
Sections of my posting from: http://azplace.net/index.php?itemid=592
A MORE HISTORICAL ACCURATE COMPARISON
I think it is even more apt to compare Iraq to other American invasions. I will not use the “V” word as many liberals do. Instead, I will go back in history much further, to a time were most liberals, and indeed most Americans, are ignorant.
Haiti (1915-1934) and the Philippines (1899-1903) are great examples.
Similarities between Iraq and Haiti/Philippines:
* All three countries were invaded by America.
* All three countries were third world countries.
* Massive amounts of nationals were killed:
By official U.S. estimates, more than 3,000 Haitians were killed during this period; a more thorough accounting reveals that the death toll may have reached 11,500. –From Taking Haiti
Philippines (100,000 to 200,000)
Iraq (40,000 to 100,000 and counting).
* Few American casualties because of overwhelming technological power of the United States.
* Anti-war protestors were condemned by the media and by the public at large.
* Rise in patriotism and patriotic propaganda by large corporate owned newspapers.
* Puppet governments were established in all three governments.
* Constitutions were set up by the Americans, including provisions favorable to American business and not allowing the government to kick out America.
* American business quickly moved in to take natural resources of invaded country
* Massive uprisings of the people, leading to human rights violations.
* Majority of those nationals who were invaded wanted America out.
* Subtle racism: except the jargon changed (Haiti/Philippines: “we are here to civilize the people” Iraq: “we are here to bring democracy and freedom”)
* Questionable reason for going to war, excuses for going to war which got the public to support the war effort.
In the case of the Philippines, the explosion on the USS Maine, the cause was never determined, but some researchers said it was probably a coal fire explosion.
"Declarations issued by the state Department that intervention was undertaken for humanitarian reason to prevent anarchy were (false) and misleading...Plans for military occupation of Haiti were drawn up well in advance, showing intervention was not (determined) by a single anarchic revolution. (Intervention plans written nine months before could pass for news reports of the actual invasion)."--page 64
“Three hundred thirty United States sailors and marines landed at Port-au-Prince on July 28, 1915…The intervention was immediately sanctified by the spilling of American blood as two American sailors…were killed in action. The two men were described in American diplomatic and newspaper reports as having been killed by Haitian snipers…Subsequent military reports disclosed that there were no indications of enemy fire in the area where the two sailors were killed and they were accidentally shot in the night by rifle fire from their comrades.
Human Rights violations
* Massive human rights violations which were covered up by the administration in power.
"Almost everyone stationed in Haiti during the early part of (1919) seemed to have some knowledge of the fact that both marines (and Haitian military) were killing prisoners.", --page 104 quoting Major T.C. Turner.
"Relevant Marine Corps records and investigations deal mainly with the problem of illegal killing of prisoners, which was apparently widespread in northern Haiti in 1919." --page 104
"A 1919 letter...(from) Marine Corps Commandant Barnett had ordered the commander in Haiti to stop the "indiscriminate killing of natives"—page 106
* Scapegoats, the grunts were persecuted for the human rights violations--in Haiti, human rights violation records disappeared and investigations were "lost in the mail"
* Many of those higher up were never charged with any crimes, or were pardoned.
Long term similarities between Philippines/Haiti and the FUTURE OF IRAQ, much which is already in place:
* No lasting, long term improvement in the lives of civilians: America spends the majority of its money on infrastructure to assist in the pillage of natural resources, which indirectly helps civilians. America also spends a small portion on rebuilding schools, etc, for propaganda and to show ignorant Americans at home and critics abroad that it is helping the civilians. (Why has America invaded Haiti more than any other country in the hemisphere and the people are the absolute poorest in the hemisphere? Just last year American backed rebels overthrew the democratically elected government, and put in another dictator.)
* After America sets up a stable puppet government, American soldiers leave, but American business stay to pillage the natural resources, protected by a very wealthy corrupt puppet, whose number one goal is to keep the status quo: A small segment of American “yes-men” and the majority of civilians in absolute poverty. Any threats to American business power, including attempts to increase civilians standard of living, with unions, etc, is brutally crushed.
Now multiple these tactics and outcomes of Iraq, Haiti, and the Philippines by the United States government by dozens, and you will have the same history of the majority of Americans wars. It is a blueprint which American business and the elite use again and again, because it works: businesses get their natural resources and the gullible American public, ignorant of their own history, always follows along.
International Socialist Review: Haiti Under Siege
Click here for Stuart Creighton Miller's Portions of “Benevolent Assimilation” The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903; regarding imperialism and empire