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Monday, March 28th, 2005

Time Event
7:42p
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1933 Business tycon forgotten plot to overthrow the United States Government



July 28, 1932
Fires burn one of the shanty towns built by the Bonus Army Expeditionary Force
in Washington, DC. In the distance, the dome of the United States Capitol building. The
United States Army burned this and similar camps to the ground after routing the
many thousands of protestors that were camped out in the national capital with
tanks, tear gas, and troops of armed soldiers. Marine Corps Major General Smedley
Butler, who would later expose the plot to overthrow the U.S. government, sympathized
and supported the veteran protestors.


Index

Background on the Plot
Links, additional reading, and videos on the plot
Information on John Spivak
Newspaper articles on the plot



Background on the Plot

In 1933 there was a little-known plot to overthrow the U.S. government. We know about this scheme, and the corporate elite behind it, thanks to a high-ranking military whistle-blower:
Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler. Butler is largely forgotten today, but 70 years ago he was the most revered American military hero, the only man to have twice been awarded the Marine’s prestigious Medal of Honor. During his loyal 33-year military career, Butler led invasions, quelled nationalist rebellions and instituted regime changes to benefit U.S. business interests in Mexico, Haiti, Cuba, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, Honduras and China.

In 1933, Butler was approached by men representing a clique of multi-millionaire industrialists and bankers. They hated U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) with a passion, and saw his “New Deal” policies as the start of a communist take-over that threatened their interests. Because of Butler’s steadfast military role in upholding U.S. business interests abroad, the plotters mistakenly thought they could recruit him to muster a “super-army” of veterans to use as pawns in their plan to subjugate or, if necessary, eliminate FDR.

Butler played along in order to determine who was behind the plot. He later testified under oath before the MacCormack-Dickstein House Committee on un-American Activities. During that testimony Butler named those who were directly involved in the plot. He also identified a powerful organization that was behind the scenes coordinating and backing the plot. This organization, the American Liberty League, was comprised of some of America's wealthiest bankers, financiers and corporate executives.
-- From Wall Street's Plot to Seize the White House. Click this link for the most extensive history of the plot on the internet.



Butler testifying before the McCormack-Dickstein House Committee
on un-American Activities


Links, additional reading, and videos on the plot

Extensive list of links, books and video on the plot

The History Channel Video: In Search of History: The Plot to Overthrow FDR

Jules Archer 1973 Book: The Plot to Seize the White House

Wikipedia: Excellent article and additional links on the Business Plot

Why...is this incident in U.S. history not better known? Why don't children learn in school about the business plot to seize the United States government? See how Time magazine covered the story, below


The 'Bonus Army'

History Net: The 'Bonus Army' War in Washington

Excellent and detailed article on the bonus army. President Hoover, Eisenhower, Patton, and McArthur all took part in forceful disbanding groups of peaceful veteran protestors.

Wikiverse: Article on the bonus army

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