April 11th, 2006

RAND 1988 report for the Defense Department: "Military drug war" hopeless

(no subject)

Minimum number of times the United States has deployed troops abroad in its 226-year history: 277
(From: http://www.harpers.org/UnitedStates.html#783467979220692 December 2002)


In 1846 Polk signed a treaty with Colombia that gave the United States the right to build a canal across Panama. Under the 1846 treaty with Colombia, which owned Panama, U.S. troops landed in Panama at least six times in the nineteenth century to put down rebellions and ensure the area remained open.

(Robert A. Friedlander, "A Reassessment of Roosevelt's Role in the Panamanian Revolution of 1903," Western Political Quarterly 14 (June 1961): 538-39. Quoted in Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central America by Walter Lafeber, p. 29, 32)

Business which benefit from Plan Colombia

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Leech, Garry M. (April 2002). Killing Peace: Colombia's Conflict and the Failure of U.S. Intervention, Information Network of Americas (Inota). ISBN: 097203840X. p. 65:


Among the companies profiting are United Technologies, to the tune of $228 million for 18 Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopters, and Textron of Texas, in the amount of $60 million to upgrade Vietnamera Huey helicopters.40 ...

All of the companies benefiting from Plan Colombia are very well connected in Washington. United Technologies and Textron donated almost $2 million to Republican and Democratic campaigns between 1996 and 1998.42 Democratic Senator Christopher Dodd of Connecticut was a staunch supporter of the aid package, which called for 18 Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopters to be built in his home state. Former Vice-President Al Gore owns some $500,000 in Occidental stock, while his father was the company's vice-president and a board member for decades. Furthermore, Occidental's chairman, Ray Irani, donated $100,000 to the Democratic National Committee in 1996 just two days after he slept in the Lincoln Bedroom of White House.43

40 Adam Isacson, "The 2000-2001 Colombia Aid Package By the Numbers," Center for International Policy, Jul. 5, 2000. (I can't find these numbers that the author sites, nor the companies he mentions)

42 Andrew Reding, "The View From Latin America-The Closer You Are to Colombia, the Worse the New Aid Plan Looks" World Policy Institute, Aug. 16, 2000, online. This is not nearly enough to win the war, Antonio Caballero in the Colombian weekly, Semana writes. In Vietnam, it cost about a $1 million for each Vietcong killed.

43 Damian Whitworth, "Gore Campaign Stumbles Over Threat to Tribe," Times of London, Mar. 13, 2000.

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(no subject)

The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 14, No.2. (Jun., 1961), pp. 535-543.

The Western Political Quarterly is currently published by University of Utah.


A REASSESSMENT OF ROOSEVELT'S ROLE IN THE PANAMANIAN REVOLUTION OF 1903

ROBERT A. FRIEDLANDER Kendall College

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