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|Thursday, September 14th, 2006|
Fear of flying
Sep 7th 2006
From The Economist print edition
In-flight announcements are not entirely truthful. What might an honest one sound like?( Read more...Collapse )
|Thursday, September 7th, 2006|
|US v Nicaragua
Reflections and Reports
The Comedy of Terror
Cedric J. Robinson
In an earlier time, before the formulation of notions like war crimes, crimes against humanity, the genocide convention, and global human rights, later observers might have constructed the anarchy of international law as an absent brake. However, when the International Court of Justice, the world court, was established in the mid-1940s, this was no longer the case. Under the signature of President Truman, the United States consented to the jurisdiction of the court. For forty years, the United States remained within the adjudication of the International Court. But in 1986, the Reagan administration unilaterally rescinded the court's authority, preferring international anarchy to the public humiliation of a formal judgment on its conduct of foreign policy in Central America. The occasion was Nicaragua v. United States of America, a suit brought by the Nicaraguan government to the International Court. On June 27, 1986, the court published its findings, among them rejecting the United States' assertion that it had no jurisdiction. Some of the world court's decisions doubtlessly concern state terror:
By twelve votes to three: Decides that the United States of America, by training, arming, equipping, financing and supplying the contra forces or otherwise encouraging, supporting and aiding military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua, has acted, against the Republic of Nicaragua, in breach of its obligation under customary international law not to intervene in the affairs of another State.
By fourteen votes to one, Finds that the United States of America, by producing in 1983 a manual entitled " Operaciones sicológicas en guerra de guerrillas ," and disseminating it to contra forces, has encouraged the commission by them of acts contrary to general principles of humanitarian law. 1
Mark Weisbrot recently recalled just what "principles of humanitarian law" were violated in Nicaragua: "They [the U.S. agencies and the contras] waged war not so much against the Nicaraguan army as against 'soft targets': teachers, health care workers, elected officials (a CIA-prepared manual actually advocated their assassination). . . . They blew up bridges and health clinics, and with help from a U.S. trade embargo beginning in 1985, destroyed the economy of Nicaragua." 2 The corporate American press said and wrote little about these actions. And when they were infrequently noted, there was nothing like the apocalyptic language of today ("threats to civilization," etc.) to suggest that an American government and its surrogates had violated the basic principles of democracy.
The court awarded Nicaragua $17 billion. And beyond U.S. shores, the decision was applauded widely. Unreported in the American press, Pope John Paul II, for one, congratulated the court on its vindication of international law. The debt was, however, "forgiven" by a new government in Nicaragua, installed as a beneficiary of the undeclared American war on that country. [End Page 166]
What the Reagan government fomented in Nicaragua was merely a complement to the actions of preceding American governments in Central America. For thirty years, in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras, U.S. officials, covert operatives, and military personnel had supported state terrorism that left hundreds of thousands dead, among them peasants, priests, nuns, unionists, political leftists, and the like. Much of this, too, was unreported, or at best misreported at the time. So a few years back, when President Clinton issued a public apology to Central Americans for (some) of the actions of his predecessors, it came somewhat as a surprise for a majority of the American public.
1. The particulars of the decision included: "Decides that the United States of America, by certain attacks on Nicaraguan territory in 1983-1984, namely attacks on Puerto Sandino on 13 September and 14 October 1983, an attack on Corinto on 10 October 1983; an attack on Potosi Naval Base on 4/5 January 1984, an attack on San Juan del Sur on 7 March 1984; attacks on patrol boats at Puerto Sandino on 28 and 30 March 1984; and an attack on San Juan del Norte on 9 April 1984; and further by those acts of intervention referred to in subparagraph (3) hereof which involve the use of force, has acted, against the Republic of Nicaragua, in breach of its obligation under customary international law not to use force against another State." Nicaragua v. United States of America, International Court of Justice, June 27, 1986, available at www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/idecisions/isumma
2. Mark Weisbrot, "What Everyone Should Know about Nicaragua," Z Magazine, November 9, 2001.
Cedric J. Robinson teaches black studies and political theory at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He is author of Black Marxism, Black Movements in America (1983), and, most recently, An Anthropology of Marxism (2001). He is also cohost (with Elizabeth Robinson) of a Third World News Review, a program on Public Access in Santa Barbara.
|Wednesday, September 6th, 2006|
|Saturday, August 19th, 2006|
Active ingredients in flea medicineFrontline
Inert: 81.4% Zodiac Cat / Hartz Ultra guard plus
Etofenprox 40.0% Adams
|Thursday, August 17th, 2006|
America liberates an idea man
The Times Union (Albany, NY)
June 29, 1997, Sunday,
Pg. C1( Read more...Collapse )
|Friday, August 11th, 2006|
November 29, 2001
By Phillip Cryanhttp://www.counterpunch.org/cryan1.html
Another U.S. attack on civilians, the 1986 bombing of Libya, is listed by the UN's Committee on the Legal Definition of Terrorism as a "classic case" of terrorism on a short list that includes the bombing of PAN AM 103, the first attempt made on the World Trade Center, and the bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building.http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/~pine/Phil110/terrorism.html
"Legal Definition of Terrorism," GA: Legal Committee, on October 9, 2001
GA= General Assembly
Questions of terror
From the MX newspaper (Melbourne, Australia)
March 11, 2003 Tuesday
It's time to test your knowledge of global politics with a quiz:
1) Which is the only country to have dropped bombs on more than 20 countries since 1945?
2) Which is the only country to have used nuclear weapons?
3) Which country was responsible for a car bomb which killed 80 civilians in Beirut in 1985, in a botched assassination attempt
, thereby making it the most lethal terrorist bombing in modern Middle East history? See comment below
4) Which country's illegal bombing of Libya in 1986 was described by the United Nations Legal Committee as a "classic case" of terrorism?
5) Which country rejected the order of the International Court of Justice to terminate its "unlawful use of force" against Nicaragua in 1986 and then vetoed a United Nations Security Council resolution calling on all states to observe international law?
6) Which country was accused by a United Nations-sponsored truth commission of providing "direct and indirect support" for "acts of genocide" against the Mayan Indians in Guatemala during the 1980s?
7) Which country unilaterally withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in December 2001?
8) Which country renounced efforts to negotiate a verification process for the Biological Weapons Convention and brought an international conference on the matter to a halt in 2001?
9) Which country prevented the United Nations from curbing the gun trade at a small arms conference in July 2001?
10) Aside from Somalia, which is the only other country in the world to have refused to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child?
11) Which is the only Western country which allows the death penalty to be applied to children?
12) Which is the only G7 country to have refused to sign the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, forbidding the use of landmines?
13) Which was the only G7 country to vote against the creation of the International Criminal Court in 1998?
14) Which was the only other country to join Israel in opposing a 1987 General Assembly resolution condemning international terrorism?
15) Which country refuses to fully pay its debts to the UN, yet reserves its right to veto United Nations resolutions?
The answers to all questions: The United States.
|Wednesday, August 9th, 2006|
Leader Of Haiti Ousted Military Takes Over After Seizing Aristide
St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Missouri)
October 1, 1991, Tuesday, ( Read more...Collapse )
|Sunday, August 6th, 2006|
| U.S. Revokes Agee Passport
Facts on File World News Digest
December 31, 1979
Pg. 991 C2( Read more...Collapse )
|Friday, August 4th, 2006|
|Wednesday, August 2nd, 2006|
|Oct 16, 2006 Sun Left off on this web blog entry--converting to wiki Dead rising cheats
Accomplish the indicated achievement to get Gamerscore points:
Zombie Hunter: Defeat at least 1,000 zombies.
Zombie Killer: Defeat at least 10,000 zombies.
Zombie Genocider: Defeat at least 53,594 zombies.
Self Defense: Defeat at least 1 psychopath.
Peace Keeper: Defeat at least 5 psychopaths.
Punisher: Defeat at least 10 psychopaths.
Legendary Soldier: Unknown
Hella Copter: Unknown
Tour Guide: Escort 8 survivors at once.
Frank the Pimp: Simultaneously escort 8 female survivors.
Full Set: Collect all portraits in the notebook.
Humanist: Get at least 10 survivors out of the mall.
Life Saver: Get at least 20 survivors out of the mall.
Saint: Get at least 50 survivors out of the mall.
Strike!: Send at least 10 zombies flying with bowling balls.
Costume Party: Place novelty masks on at least 10 zombies.
Raining Zombies: Knock at least 30 zombies aside with a parasol.
Gourmet: Eat all types of food available in the mall.
Item Smasher: Break at least 100 items.
Bullet Point: Fire at least 1,000 bullets.
Perfect Gunner: Don't miss with a machine gun.
Photojournalist: Score at least 1,500 PP from a single photo.
The Artiste: Score at least 3,000 PP from a single photo.
Group Photo: Get 50 Target Markers with the camera.
Portraiture: Photograph at least 10 survivors.
Census Taker: Photograph at least 50 survivors.
Psycho Photo: Photograph at least 4 psychopaths.
Psycho Collector: Photograph at least 10 psychopaths.
PP Collector: Photograph all PP Stickers.
Snuff Shot B: Unknown
Snuff Shot J: Unknown
Transmissionary: Answer all calls from Otis.
Indoorsman: Spend at least 24 hours indoors.
Outdoorsman: Spend at least 24 hours outdoors.
Freefall: Drop from a height of at least 16 feet (5 meters).
Marathon Runner: Cover a distance of 26.2 miles (42.195 km).
Carjacker: Steal the convicts' vehicle.
Stunt Driver: Jump a car at least 33 feet (10 meters).
Stunt Rider: Jump a motorcycle at least 33 feet (10 meters).
Zombie Road: Walk over 33 feet (10 meters) on the backs of zombies using the Zombie Ride.
Karate Champ: Defeat at least 1,000 zombies barehanded.
Sharp Dresser: Change into at least 20 different costumes.
Clothes Horse: Change into all costumes available in the mall.
Level Max: Reach level 50.
Unbreakable: Get the true ending without being knocked out.
Overtime Mode: Unveil all cases and be at the heliport at noon.
8 Mode: Get the true ending.
3 Day Survivor: Survive for at least 72 hours.
5 Day Survivor: Survive for at least 5 days.
7 Day Survivor: Survive for at least 7 days.
|Sunday, July 30th, 2006|
| Understanding Lincoln; The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War; Lincoln & Davis: Imagining America, 1809-1865; Judging Lincoln; Book Review ( Read more...Collapse )
|Thursday, July 27th, 2006|
Asia's overland route
Hit the road, Jack
Jul 20th 2006
IN THE 1960s, thousands of free-spirits set forth on the world's wildest trail, stretching 6,000 miles across six countries and three religions. The Asian odyssey began in Turkey and, barring mechanical (or mental) breakdown, took in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan before ending up in the revered destinations of India and Nepal.( Read more...Collapse )
|Wednesday, July 26th, 2006|
| Brutal Days Of Coal Strikes Depicted
Rocky Mountain News (Denver, CO)
November 4, 2005 Friday
SPOTLIGHT; Pg. 30D
Joan Hinkemeyer, Special to the News( Read more...Collapse )